Blasting Seismographs

SeismographA blasting seismograph is a specialized instrument which measures and records the ground and air vibrations from a blast. A seismograph has two sensors: a geophone (for monitoring ground waves) and a microphone (for monitoring air waves).

  • The geophone measures ground motion in three dimensions:
  • Vertical: Up and down.
  • Longitudinal: Forwards and backwards from the blast.
  • Transverse: Side to side.

The microphone measures air overpressure, which is the additional pressure generated by a blast above normal atmospheric pressure.